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Timeline of the Battle of New Orleans

 

 

 

June 18 1812

America formally at war with the British Empire, scandal tainted General James Wilkinson in charge of the 7th Military District, hq in New Orleans

 

 

August 30 1813

Massacre at Fort Mims, 400~500 settlers massacred start of Creek War

 

 

March 15 1813

Jackson ordered to New Orleans, only to be counter ordered to disband his troops and return home. In a fury, Jackson ignore orders and force marches his army back to Nashville during a harsh winter and earns the nickname 'Old Hickory.'

 

 

March 27 1814

Jackson defeats Creeks at Battle of Horseshoe Bend

 

 

April 2 1814

British Adm Cochrane, the commander of the newly created North American station, issues proclamation aimed at slaves, declaring any American who wished could join British forces or be relocated in British North America or the Caribbean. Some 300 slaves become British marines.

 

 

April 6 1814

Napoleon abdicates , British able to send  much more men and material to the American theater

 

 

March 15 1813

American General James Wilkinson occupies Mobile in Spanish west Florida without a fight, the only permanent acquisition American of the war

 

 

June 14 1814

 Jackson given commission of major general and appointment of military commander of the 7th Military District, hq in New Orleans

 

 

July 30 1814

Lord Bathurst directs Gen Robert Ross to sail his army to Jamaica and rendezvous with troops being sent from England

 

 

Aug 9 1814

Andrew Jackson forced the Creeks to sign the Treaty of Fort Jackson, Creek Nation ceded 23 million acres, able to focus on British threat

 

 

Aug 14 1814

Lt. Colonel Nicholls lands in Pensacola  with 2 ships and 100 troops and issued proclamations that all slaves who joined him would be free and Indians would regain their lands

 

 

Aug 22 1814

Jackson arrives in Mobile with army

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Aug 24 1814

Cochrane and Gen Ross capture Washington

 

 

 Sept 12 1814

 Gen Robert Ross killed by a sniper, Gen Pakenham appointed to take his place

 

 

 Sept 16 1814

 Failed British attack on Mobile

 

 

Sept 18 1814

Fleet of 60 odd ships departs Plymouth, England with troops under the temporary command of Major General John Keane until Pakenham could arrive.

 

 

Sept 26-27

Battle of Fayal in the Azores. HMS Plantagenent of seventy-four guns was commanded by Captain Robert Loyd and was sailing to the West Indies with two other ships for the Louisiana Campaign . Delayed fighting the American Clipper General Armstrong, a brig of seven guns for 10 to 12 days and more at Negril Bay for repairs, giving Jackson time to reach New Orleans.

 

 

Oct 6 1814

British fleet sails from Chesapeake to Jamaica

 

 

 Nov 7 1814

 Jackson capture Pensacola, drives British out

 

 

 Nov 19 1814

 Jackson returns to Mobile, convinced British will attack again

 

 

Nov 22 1814

Jackson departs for New Orleans

 

 

Nov 24

Ships from England and France arrive at Negril Bay to meet the fleet from the Chesapeake

 

 

Nov 26 1814

British armada of over 60 departs Negril Bay, Jamaica sails for New Orleans

 

 

Sept 3 1814

Captain Nicholas Lockyer of the HMS Sophia meets with Jean Lafitte hoping to enlist his and the Baratarians aid in attacking New Orleans. Lafitte sends copies of British offer to the Americans.

 

 

Sept 13 1814

Despite warning the Americans of British threat, Commodore Daniel Patterson leads attack on Jean Laffite's base on Grand Terre, seizing goods and ships and burn down base. Lafitte escapes.

 

 

 

 

Dec 1 1814

Jackson arrives in New Orleans

 

 

Dec 12 1814

British fleet arrives in Lake Borgne

 

 

Dec 13 1814

William Carroll, who replaced Jackson as major general of the Tennessee militia had raised 3 regiments. On this date they reached Natchez.

 

 

Dec 14 1814

British defeat American gunboats in Lake Borgne

 

 

Dec 16 1814

British begin landing troops on Pea Island - LA Legislature begins to panic - Jackson imposes marshal law in New Orleans, curfew, sailors impressed

 

 

Dec 20 1814

Jackson orders Coffee and his troops from Baton Rouge to New Orleans

 

 

Dec 22 1814

British troops land on Bayou Bienvenu

 

 

Dec 23 1814

British occupy Villere plantation - Jackson launches Indian style night attack on British at Lacoste's plantation, British 46 killed, Americans 24 killed - British led to believe American forces are triple the size they really are.

 

 

Dec 24 1814

Jackson withdraws army to Rodriguez canal, begins building rampart - British finish ferrying troops from Pea Island - Americans and British sign peace treaty in Ghent, Belgium.

 

 

Dec 25

Gen Pakenham arrives, take command of British land forces

 

 

Dec 27

British sink the USS Carolina

 

 

Dec 28 1815

British make probing attacks of American line - Gen Pakenham wishes to attack on  Chef Menteur Road but Cochrane does not agree

 

 

Jan 1 1815

Artillery duel that lasts 3 hours.Several American guns destroyed, British guns run out of ammunition

 

 

Jan 4 1815

 About 2,000 poorly clothed Kentucky militiamen arrive after floating down the river in New Orleans, only about 50 were armed, their weapons did not arrive till after the main battle and were armed with fowling piece, old Spanish muskets and other arms to be found in the city. Their poor arms were a major cause of the American defeat on the east bank on Jan 8th.

 

 

Jan 8 1815

Gen Pakenham launches early morning main attack on the Americans, hoping to start in darkness. Delays cause attack to start at early dawn. Attack on East Bank starts late, defeats American forces there too late. Main British attack on West bank with 8,000 troops is repulsed. Nearly 300 British killed, including Gen Pakenham, Americans 13 killed. General Lambert takes command of British land forces.

 

 

Jan 8 1815

British naval squadron of the Herald, Sophia a brig and a sloop of war bombard Fort St. Phillip for 10 days, hoping to reduce it so the main fleet could sail up the river and bombard New Orleans. Attack fails. Lambert prepare to retreat, with great labor to build roads, bridges and redoubts. Jan 8th becomes a day of major celebration for 50 years, till the Civil War.

 

 

Jan 18 1815

Exchange of prisoners

 

 

Jan 18 1815

Start of British retreat at 9:00 P.M. leaving rear guard. Jackson does not pursue except for ordering a detachment of dragoons to harass.

 

 

Jan 21 1815

Fearing Cholera from the many buried British soldiers, Jackson orders his troops to return to New Orleans

 

 

Jan 23 1815

Victory celebration in New Orleans

 

 

Jan 27 1815

The last of the British army rejoins the fleet - British fleet sails away

 

 

Feb 4 1815

Word reaches Washington of the victory. the people there, expecting disaster, celebrate.

 

 

Feb 12 1815

British capture fort Bowyer outside of Mobile. Plans were made to capture Mobile, which probably would have fallen, when word of the peace treaty arrived.

 

 

March 13 1815

Jackson recieves confirmation of peace treaty and revokes martial law.

 

 

April 6 1815

Jackson and family return to Tennessee

 

 

1832

Cochrane dies

 

 

Jan 8,1840

Andrew Jackson revisits New Orleans and the battlefield on the 25 anniversary of the Battle of New Orleans amidst great fanfare. Jackson went to battlefield on Jan 10. Jackson lays cornerstone in Place d'Armes on Jan 13.

 

 

1844

Keane dies

 

 

1845

Andrew Jackson dies

 

 

1851

Place d'Armes is renamed Jackson square. The statue of Jackson on horseback was added in 1856.

 

 

1855

State of Louisiana acquires property where the battle took place and construction begins on Chalmette monument, finished in 1908.

 

 

1930

War department acquires battlefield site

 

 

1933

National Park Service acquires site

 

 

2005

Visitor center on battlefield destroyed by Katrina flooding, since rebuilt.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Visiting the battlefield

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